Indian tribe

Indian tribe
A separate and distinct community or body of the aboriginal Indian race of men found in the United States. Montoya v. U. S., 180 U.S. 261, 21 S.Ct. 358, 45 L.Ed. 521.
An "Indian tribe" within meaning of Indian Nonintercourse Act is a body of Indians of the same or similar race, united in a community under one leadership or government, and inhabiting a particular, though sometimes ill-defined, territory. Mashpee Tribe v. New Seabury Corp., D.C.Mass., 427 F.Supp. 899, 902.
For purpose of statute governing federal court jurisdiction of actions brought by Indian tribe or band, "Indian tribes or bands" are separate communities of citizens of Indian descent, possibly with a common racial origin, possessing the power of a sovereign to regulate their internal and social relations. Navajo Tribal Utility Authority v. Arizona Dept. of Revenue, C.A.Ariz., 608 F.2d 1228, 1231

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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